Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Smoking cessation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Smoking suspension - Essay Example As per Pignone and Salazar (2009), smoking discontinuance can expand future of as long as 3 years in ladies smokers and 2 years in men. In different investigates, the future of a non-smoker is 13-14 years higher than a smoker (Chandler and Rennard, 2010). Studies have affirmed that smoking discontinuance has causes quick medical advantages to the person. A few intercessions are effective in smoking end which incorporates advising, pharmacotherapy or a blend of both. In this regard, the most significant factor is client’s self picked wellbeing objective to stop smoking and both pharmacotherapy and directing end up being valuable for such patients, notwithstanding, in patients with reluctant conduct to stop pharmacotherapy is incapable. Clinical directing methodology ought to underscore on wellbeing and monetary advantages of discontinuance, inspirational meetings, persistent instruction on sickness chance variables, network/family backing and backslide counteraction. Pharmacolo gical treatments comprise of nicotine substitution treatment which incorporates nicotine fix, gums, capsules, nasal showers, inhalers and so on. (Pignone and Salazar, 2009). These have demonstrated to be similarly powerful in smoking suspension. Likewise, upper treatment with medications, for example, Bupropion, varenicline and Clonidine have been demonstrated as powerful smoking suspension specialists. A few examinations have proposed that a blend of these pharmacological treatments is very powerful for example nicotine gum with nicotine fix and so forth. (Chandler and Rennard, 2010).

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The Cave and the Matrix Essay -- Plato Republic Matrix Movie Philosoph

The Cave and the Matrix Film pundits and savants the same concur that the film â€Å"The Matrix† is for sure dependent on certain Platonic subjects from Book VII of The Republic. In this story entitled The Allegory of the Cave, he depicts a dim underground cavern where a gathering of individuals are sitting in one long line with their backs to the cavern's passageway. Anchored to their seats since the beginning, all the people can see is the removed cavern divider in from of them. The shadows of sculptures held by concealed ‘puppet handlers’ think about the dividers from the light of a fire that is likewise far out of those in the cavern. The topic of the moral story is that their existence is a poor duplicate of this present reality. As indicated by Plato, our reality is only shadows, blemished appearances of the structures. Like the detainees of the cavern, the people caught in the network (the cavern) just observe what the machines (the current manikin handlers) need them to see. They are fooled into accepting that what they hear in the cavern and see before them is the genuine reality that exists. Besides, they acknowledge what their faculties are letting them know and they accept that what they are encountering is all that truly exists- - that's it. The film not just consolidates these equivalent thoughts, the story line of the film matches that of the purposeful anecdote. The most significant character is who Plato calls the â€Å"Philosopher† or the â€Å"Intellectual.† In the moral story, Plato speculates that one of the detainees in the long run be rel... The Cave and the Matrix Essay - Plato Republic Matrix Movie Philosoph The Cave and the Matrix Film pundits and savants the same concur that the film â€Å"The Matrix† is without a doubt dependent on certain Platonic subjects from Book VII of The Republic. In this story entitled The Allegory of the Cave, he portrays a dull underground cavern where a gathering of individuals are sitting in one long line with their backs to the cavern's passage. Tied to their seats since the beginning, all the people can see is the far off cavern divider in from of them. The shadows of sculptures held by inconspicuous ‘puppet handlers’ consider the dividers from the light of a fire that is additionally far out of those in the cavern. The subject of the moral story is that their existence is a poor duplicate of this present reality. As per Plato, our reality is only shadows, flawed signs of the structures. Like the detainees of the cavern, the people caught in the network (the cavern) just observe what the machines (the cutting edge manikin handlers) need them to see. They are fooled into accepting that what they hear in the cavern and see before them is the genuine reality that exists. Moreover, they acknowledge what their faculties are letting them know and they accept that what they are encountering is all that truly exists- - that's it. The film not just consolidates these equivalent thoughts, the story line of the film matches that of the moral story. The most significant character is who Plato calls the â€Å"Philosopher† or the â€Å"Intellectual.† In the purposeful anecdote, Plato theorizes that one of the detainees in the end be rel...

Thursday, July 30, 2020

Native-speaker And Non-native-speaker Teachers Of English Essay

Native-speaker And Non-native-speaker Teachers Of English Essay Native-speaker And Non-native-speaker Teachers Of English â€" Essay Example > IntroductionEnglish has become one of the fastest growing languages being taught and spoken around the world. Its spread started in the 19th century. Alastair (1998) notes that, this time was a time for the British to marvel at their own greatness due to the global spread of their language. Guest, 1838/1882) (as quoted by Alastair) noted that English was becoming among the greatest tools of civilization. It’s noted that it was being used in Africa, islands of Pacific, hindoo, among other countries and continents. Jacob Grimm is quoted by trench (1881) stating that English language had grown to be used globally, and may as well be called a world language. Claiborne (1983) notes that, English is spoken by more than 300 million people as their native language, the second largest language in the world after the mandarin Chinese. Currently, the rise of families, students, business people among others immigrating to foreign countries requires that they learn English for effective comm unication. It is argued that both native speakers of English and non-native speakers of English have much to offer as teachers of English to speakers of other languages. In this regard, this assignment will explore several contexts of ESL/EFL in which teachers of native speakers of English and no-native speakers of English. This will include the consideration of the kind of knowledge, skills and attitude which are necessary for an English teacher to take on board when teaching English in specific contexts. ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE/ FOREIGN LANGUAGECurrently, most institutions in countries that English speaking countries teach the language as a foreign language or second language to its students. TEACHING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE (ESL)Teaching English as a Second Language usually means teaching English in a country where English is already the main or official language. Usually, countries such as The United States, Canada, The United Kingdom and Australia are an example of locations to teach ESL. This is usually experienced when people migrate into another county where their native language is not spoken, or is not used for education. These people may enter into these countries for business missions, seminars, or migrate, and are faced with the challenge of learning English for their daily communication with other people in the country. Usually, such people may enter the country with advanced or with only the Basic English. They may want their children to join the local schools and are required to learn the language to attain the level appropriate to their age or country’s standards. A teacher who lives and teach English in an already English speaking country can be referred to as teaching English as a second language (www. teaching-esl-to-adults. com)TEACHING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGH LANGUAGE(EFL)English as a Foreign Language (EFL) refers to teaching English in countries where English is not the major language, or the official language. Examples of s uch countries include countries like Thailand, China, Korea, among others. In this case, students study English in their own native countries as part of their school curriculum or as a requirement for immigration or travelling abroad.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Joy Luck Club Is A Story About Four Mothers - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 883 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2019/08/06 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: Joy Luck Club Essay Did you like this example? Joy Luck Club is a story about four mothers and four daughters discovering themselves and their difficult mother daughter relationship. The Film starts off with June and Suyuan. Suyuan escaped a worn torn part of china during her escape she lost her twin daughters. When in America she had June. Suyuan wants he best for June but June doesnt want to do what her mother wants her to do so she end up disappointing Suyuan. June mistakes Suyuans love for criticism and gets upset at herself because she cant live up to her mothers expectations. This is not true because Suyaun believes that June has the biggest heart and thats what shes most proudest of. Suyuan passes away and the club members tell June they have found her twin sisters. June goes to China to visit them and break the news of their mothers passing. The story continues with Lindo and Waverly. Lindo was brought up in a forced marriage that she got out of without breaking her families promise to her husbands family. In America Lindo has two children a boy and a girl named Waverly. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Joy Luck Club Is A Story About Four Mothers" essay for you Create order When Waverly was young she became very good at chess and Lindo had a bad habit of showing her off so she can seem like a good parent. When Waverly gets older she has a baby with a chinese man who she later gets divorced to then gets engaged to a caucasian man named Rich. Lindo doesnt agree with it and Waverly does everything in her power for her to like Rich. She even rings him to a dinner party where he brutally embarrass himself. Later on in a discussion the mother and daughter have in a hair salon Lindo gives Waverly and Rich her blessing. The next pair are Ying-Ying and Lena. Ying-Ying was once happily married to Lin Xiao and had a baby boy with him. Lin Xiao starts becoming abusive which makes Ying-Ying depressed. In this depressed state of mind Ying-Ying drowns her son to get revenge on Lin Xiao. Ying Ying immigrated to America and started a new family. Still distraught on her past Ying Ying worried her daughter Lena as a child. When Lena got older Ying Ying is now over her trauma. Lena gets married to her boss and they have a fifty fifty relationship. Lena wasnt happy with this and Ying Ying could tell. Ying YIng tells Lena to leave the relationship until you get what you want. They get a divorce am Lena then finds a new man who gives her everything she wants. The last pair are An-Mei and Rose. An-mei never knew her mom because she was kicked out when she was only four because she had relations with a wealthy man after her husband died. An-Meis mother comes back to see her own mother on her deathbed. As she was leaving An-Mei begged to go with her so she wouldnt lose her mom again. An-Mei learns her mother was actually raped and they kicked her out so she had nowhere else to go. An Meis mom commits suicide and at her moms funeral she causes a scene and tells them to honor her mom as if she was the first wife. An Mei grows up and has her own daughter named Rose. Rose has a boyfriend whos family is very racist towards Rose because she is Asian. Ted (Roses Boyfriend) stands up for her. They get married but soon become distant. Rose is a stay at home wife who pays the bills, cook dinner, and etc. She starts to become submissive and Ted starts to take notice. They have a kid but this does not solve much. An Mei talks to Rose and tells her to stop letting him take advantage of her. Rose tells Ted to leave and that hes not taking their daughter to show that she can stand up for herself. Later on the couple got back together. I cant pick one story because I relate to them all and they all hit me. The story overall is special to me because I can relate to it in many ways because a mother daughter relationship can be very difficult especially if your mother has been through certain things. I feel as tho Chinese mothers want to pass on the same message as some American mothers which is to be strong as a women and as a person. They love that was shown was tough love and the mothers were basing their lessons off of their own experiences. The daughters in all the stories are struggling with their chinese identities but they found in their mothers stories which I thought was beautiful. Like with June she didnt like when people spoe chinese around her because she couldnt understand it or when Lindo handed her the letter. After she met her sisters i feel as tho she felt closer to her identity. Two things that we talked about in class that I seen in the film was feng shui and the tiger mother. When Ying Ying is in the house and she starts trying to rearrange things is an example of fengshui. Or when June was younger and Susuyan said In this household, only the obedient daughter. this is an example of Tiger Mother.

Sunday, May 10, 2020

The Concept Of Sexual Orientation - 1293 Words

Abstract The purpose of the study was to synthesize and critically evaluate the concept of sexual orientation, especially as it is studied and presented in large, population-based and school-based adolescent survey literature. Specifically, the study examined methodology and instrumentation used for the assessment and measurement of youth sexual orientation present in refereed literature. Of the forty-eight empirical studies, five included items that assessed all three dimensions of sexual orientation. The majority of studies used surveys that exclusively assessed sexual orientation identity (n = 30; 63%). The majority of those surveys provided between four and six identity response options with parenthetical descriptions, including the†¦show more content†¦(World Health Organization, 2006) Sexual orientation involves an individual’s sexual attraction, identity, arousals, fantasies, and behaviors towards persons of the same sex, other sex, or both sexes (Bell, Weinberg, Hammersmith, 1981; LeVay Valente, 2006; LeVay Baldwin, 2012), and is dynamic (not static) in nature (Klein, Sepekoff, Wolf, 1985; Berkey, Perelman-Hall, Kurdek, 1990). Health researchers have proposed that sexual orientation is a multi-dimensional aspect of a person’s identity that consists of at least three dimensions existing on a continuum (Sell, 1997): sexual orientation identity, sexual attraction, and sexual behavior (Sell Petrulio, 1996; Laumann et al., 1994; Hughes Eliason, 2002; Solarz, 1999; Savin-Williams, 2006). Sexual Orientation Identity. One of the earliest sexual orientation identity classification schemes proposed in the 1860s (Sell, 2007) consisted of three categories: Dionings (heterosexual), Urnings (homosexual), and Uranodionings (bisexual). Homosexual women (Urningins) and heterosexual women (Dioningins) maintained separate categories from men (Sell, 2007). Sexual orientation identity can be described as an individual’s conception of his or her own sexuality (Cass, 1984; Coker, Austin, Schuster, 2010). Heterosexual (straight), homosexual (gay and lesbian), andShow MoreRelatedOperational Definitions Of Construct Validity1011 Words   |  5 Pagesto the validity of the instrumentation used to capture the constructs/concepts a researcher is interested in measuring (Shadish, Cook, Campbell, 2002). In research, the concepts explored must be defined explicitly to communicate with others how the research was conducted. For this end, conceptual definitions are needed to explain t he meaning of a concept. However, operational definitions provide specificity on how the concept will be captured and measured. Operational definitions contribute to:Read MoreThe Issue Of Sexual Orientation1090 Words   |  5 Pagesregarding sexual orientation is vast, and a lot of different definitions of the concept have been introduced throughout time. Nevertheless, although homosexuality is fairly common in the United States, many people still misunderstand it. The different types of sexual orientations and their difference from other sexual-related terms, such as gender role and gender identity, are all confused by the general population. Sadly, even today, there are people that believe in a right or wrong sexual orientationRead MoreMen Who Have Sex With Men Essay1476 Words   |  6 Pages MSM Men Who Have Sex With Men A Critical Concept Essay Tara L. Gill CIIS Sexuality is historically rooted vacillating through out time, adjusting to the individuals personal experience and is influenced by cultural norms. In the United States, sexual behavior and attitudes are driven by variations in gender, social class, ethnicity, and religion. In fact, sexuality is fluid and is different for everyone. It is a unique, diverse, complicated, secretive, and puzzling experienceRead MoreErving Goffmans Work Stigma1441 Words   |  6 PagesSocial psychology and the concept of stigma were greatly influenced by Erving Goffman’s (1963) work Stigma. This pivotal project delineates the varying types of stigmatizing characteristics that arise in various social settings, and the sanctions those individuals receive as a result from deviating from what is considered â€Å"normal.† Through analyzation of the narratives and experiences of â€Å"blemished† individuals, Goffman builds theory on stigmatized identities. He also maps the construction of theRead MoreAfter Careful Examination Of Biblical Texts The Catholic1425 Words   |  6 Pagesindividuals with same sex attractions to seek opportunities to change their sexual orientation, in order to have a sexual orientation that better matches their religious identity and beliefs. The most popular way to alter sexual orientation is through conversion therapy, a complex process that helps willing homosexuals change their sexual orientation and to find a sense of peace. Some homosexuals seek help to change their sexual orientation through conversion therapy. Conversion therapy originated in theRead MoreThe Workplace Of The Lgbt Community1494 Words   |  6 Pagesdiscrimination in employment based on sexual orientation (Badgett, Lau, Sears, Ho, 2007). In 1994 the Don t ask, don t tell (DADT) was the official United States policy on service by gays, bisexuals, and lesbians in the military (Badgett, Lau, Sears, Ho, 2007). Eighteen states and the District of Columbia prohibit employers from discriminating based on sexual orientation and gender identity, with three additional states banning discrimination based on sexual orientation only (Badgett, Lau, SearsRead MoreUgandan Laws on Homosexuality744 Words   |  3 Pagesstrongly against homosexuality and 33% ignored the concept, thus, making the idea of rejecting the phenomenon more dominant than living with it and its a well-known fact that homosexuality faces the lowest acceptance rates in Asian and African countries and the highest in Australia, Europe and the Americas. In the philosophical social science, there have been two views of homosexuality. The first view of the essentialists stated that sexual orientation of a person is determined by natural genes andRead MoreSexual Identity And Adolescent Development Essay1464 Words   |  6 PagesAcquiring a sexual identity is very important and critical to the development of adolescents. While neither sexual or gender identity has anything to do with an individuals’ physical anatomy itself, both have separate, individual meanings. According to genderspectrum.org, gender identity is a reflection and realization of â€Å"one’s internal sense of self as male, female, both or neither†. On the other hand, in regards to sexual identity and adolescents, this involves figuring out whom they find themselvesRead MoreSexual Orientation Is A Choice1603 Words   |  7 PagesIn today’s society, there is an ongoing argument as to whether sexual orientation is a choice or if it is a preference that one is born with. Due to these conflicting perspectives, many philosophers have written books and conducted experiments in order to determine and justify which viewpoint is accurate. In Simone de Beauvoir’s book, The Second Sex, particularly the chapter entitled â€Å"The Lesbian†, she illustrated her assumption that homosexuality is a choice through the anal ysis of their benefitsRead MoreThe Biological Basis Toward Sexual Orientation1406 Words   |  6 Pagesstill numerous social problems that still exist in society today. Amongst those numerous social problems, sexual orientation and inequality stand out to me. Research from biology, psychology, and sociology is where our understanding of sexual orientation comes from. There are two hypothetical theories researchers have discovered examining the biological basis toward sexual orientation. One concept is the neurohormonal theory, biologist contend that homosexuality is caused by abnormal sex hormone levels

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Open Religion Exam Review Free Essays

What problem does global free trade cause? Explain â€Å"common good. † – the 3 essential elements for common good. What is social justice? 7 themes of Catholic Social teaching. We will write a custom essay sample on Open Religion Exam Review or any similar topic only for you Order Now What each theme teaches Explain globalization How much of the total world income do countries like Canada receive? How much of the total world income do the poorest people in developing countries receive? How has globalization become a nightmare for poor countries? Explain how globalization could lead to justice. Who is Craig Eagleburger. What issues does he care about? Who has he helped? How has he helped them? â€Å"Inside Your Threads†. What are the issues raised. How are these situations unjust? What could be done to bring justice to these situations? Who is Ryan Hershel? What issue does he care about? Who has he helped? How has he helped? Why are relationships important? Define intimacy. Briefly explain the 5 levels of intimacy Describe the stages Of the family life cycle. What Stage is your family in? What are the types of families? Describe the moral decision making model What are values? Describe standards for judging values Define or explain sex, sexuality, sexual orientation, heterosexual orientation, nonsexual orientation, abstinence, celibacy, chastity What are SST Is – list ‘bacteria caused’ SST Is – treatment – list ‘virus caused’ Stir – treatment 2 reasons why the Catholic Church calls for abstinence from sexual intercourse outside marriage What is Natural Family Planning (NAP)? What does it mean to be Catholic in today’s society? Movies we watched this semester Power of One Stolen Summer Dan in Real Life Junk Ryan’s Well It Take a Child Inside Your Threads pay it Forward Explain how each movie connects to a theme or topic discussed in class this semester. How to cite Open Religion Exam Review, Papers

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

The Listeners Essay Example For Students

The Listeners Essay However, stone and frown is a half rhyme. The middle part of the poem, there is less rhyming. command, read things, fed: appear: kings; There is only one rhyme in the middle section of the poem. At the end of the poem, however, the previous rhyming scheme is resumed. In this poem also, description is unevenly distributed between aspects. The description of the statue is rather detailed but the poet does not describe how it came to be there. We will write a custom essay on The Listeners specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown, And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command,This gives a detailed description of the face but there is nothing to say why the statue was built except for Look on my works in line 11. In Ozymandias, lines 11 and 12 are about what Ozymandias did. The poem builds an image of his self importance. King of kings This shows his extreme vanity which gives an insight into his character. He believes everybody likes him but various bad qualities are included. Some examples are, frown, wrinkled lip, sneer of cold command. This is negative description, especially, sneer of cold command. The irony in this poem is embossed by his opinion of himself, especially, king of kings. My name is Ozymandias, king of kings: Look on my works ye Mighty and despair Nothing beside remains. His works no longer remain and all there is to say he ever lived is the broken statue with the face half buried in the sand. The lines highlighted above are contrasting, also adding to the irony. The whole poem seems to be based on survival, destruction and death. Which yet survive these lifeless things, Although nothing Ozymandias made is still there, the way in which the sculptor made the statue is still recognised and although the statue is not alive, the sculpting makes it seem real. In On the Departure Platform there are also unanswered questions. For example, the poet does not tell us why the persona had to leave, what his relationship was to the woman he talked about and what happened on his return. The reader can speculate over these questions but nothing suggests a clear answer. The rhyming scheme in this poem is A, B, A, B. This gives a good rhythm and highlights certain words. However, unlike The Man He Killed, the last line of each stanza is shorter than those that precede it. We kissed at the barrier; and passing through She left me, and moment by moment got. Smaller and smaller, until to my view She was but a spot This shows the rhyming scheme and the comparisons to the woman which keep appearing throughout the poem. This poem is similar to both Ozymandias and The Listeners in that particular areas have a lot of description. In this case, it is the atmosphere on the platform and what the persona saw when he looked back. Under the lamplights fitful glowers, This describes the scene at the train station rather well but once again, there are large holes. None of the main questions in this poem are answered. In The Man He Killed the poet writes each stanza in the same format. Each stanza has 6 syllables in the first line, 6 in the second, 8 in the third and 6 in the fourth. This helps highlight certain words and provides a good rhythm to the poem and also rhyming poems encourage many readers. once again, the poet uses a persona that the reader can identify with easily. This poem has fewer unanswered questions. It is pretty self explanatory and simple whilst conveying the poets views well enough as to make the reader feel what the poet does. The only real question would be who was the persona talking to. .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 , .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 .postImageUrl , .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 , .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586:hover , .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586:visited , .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586:active { border:0!important; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586:active , .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586 .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u6098b5759fdc340e24d0bd8b80243586:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Victorian poetry EssayHowever, this would not really affect the meaning of the poem if it was included but it would make the poem more complicated and detract from the moral. The Listeners, Ozymandias and On the Departure Platform all have many unanswered questions. The poet leaves the reader wondering after they have finished reading the poem. however, in this aspect, The Man He Killed is a much fuller, clearer poem which is largely self explanatory. It leaves the reader thinking about a serious subject, not, for example, why the Traveller went to the house. In my opinion, Thomas Hardy wrote this poem during the Boer wars to convey his thoughts on the matter. The persona says Yes; quaint and curious war is! All four poems are about somebody who is no longer there. In The Man He Killed, the man the persona shot is not there. In Ozymandias, Ozymandias is not there. In The Listeners the listeners are ghosts, maybe of the people the Traveller was meant to meet. In On the Departure Platform the persona himself has to leave his partner, maybe to go to war. All four poems contain a moral. However, in Thomas Hardys poems, (The Man He Killed and On the Departure Platform) the moral is clearer. In The Man He Killed, the main message is how strange war is and in On the Departure Platform, the moral is nothing can be exactly the same twice. In my opinion, it was easier to understand Thomas Hardys poems because they are real life events which means the reader can identify with the persona, making the poem more meaningful. In The Listeners, there is a vague moral of do things straight away because if you wait too long, you may not be able to. In Ozymandias the moral is that whatever you do, nothing can last forever and maybe to some extent not to be vain and self important. The Listeners is the only one of these poems to not have a persona telling a story. Whereas the other three poems are all in first person, The Listeners is in the third person which makes it more of a story. The poems I have studied have many similarities and differences and it would be hard to say that two poems are more associated with eachother than any other pair. The main difference however, is about unanswered questions. In this aspect, The Man He Killed is the odd one out of these poems.